Neutering involves spaying a female pet (removal of the ovaries) or castration of a male pet (removal of both testicles). This removes the source of the sex hormones and is recommended for many reasons in small animals.
Spaying in your dog and cat
Female dogs are recommended to be neutered prior to their first season (so around 6 months old) or at least 2 months post season. Female cats can be neutered from 5 months and ideally not when in season and before access to outdoors.
- Prevents the female coming into season and so males will not be attracted to them and for cats they are less likely to roam
- The risk of mammary gland tumors, ovarian and /or uterine cancer is reduced or eliminated especially if done before the first season
- It also eliminates the risk of pyometra which can be a life threatening infection of the womb and is common in older female dogs that haven’t been spayed
- Prevents unwanted pregnancies.
Castration in your dog and cat
Recommended from 5months and older. Cats advise to be castrated before being let outside.
- Reduction of unwanted sexual behavior (such as spraying and desire to roam in cats)
- For dogs and cats, the risk of testicular cancer in castrated animals is eliminated and the risk of prostate disease is reduced
- Reduction in the number of unwanted litters
- It can decrease aggressive behavior depending on the cause
- Undescended testicles have an increased risk of it becoming cancerous and so it is highly recommended to locate and removed the un-descended testicle at an early age.
Spaying and castration of rabbits
Rabbits can be castrated or spayed from around 4 months old depending on the individual size.
- Eliminate the risk of uterine tumours in females so increasing life expectancy
- Prevents unwanted litters in multi rabbit household
- Reduces aggression in both males and females and enables pair bonding as are calmer and more relaxed.
Which procedure to choose for spaying?
For female dogs there are two options for spaying: midline laparotomy (incision into the underside of the abdomen) or the alternative is to remove the ovaries laproscopically (keyhole surgery). This procedure is less invasive and involves smaller wounds, with reduced post operative pain and quicker recovery time.
How long for recovery?
Neutering procedures are carried out between Monday - Friday. Recovery at home from the anesthetic normally only takes a day or so but the wound can take up to around 10 days to fully heal so restricted exercise during this time is recommended. The necessary follow up checks and pain relief are included.
Feel free to book in to speak to a nurse or vet to discuss neutering and to answer any questions you may have.